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Ingredient Glossary

1,2-Hexanediol

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

 

Acetyl Carnitine HCl

Classification:Antioxidants

Function/Benefit:Antioxidant; reduces puffiness

Acetyl Carnitine HCL is an amino-acid that offers antioxidant protection while stimulating circulation and energizing the skin. 

Acetyl Glucosamine

Classification: Skin Replenishment, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Skin barrier function repair and restoration; prevents TEWL; natural moisturizing factor; hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

A skin mimicking ingredient that helps support our skin's natural barrier and help minimize trans-epidermal waterloss. NAG is also a precursor to support the production of Hyaluronic Acid.

Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer

Classification: Emulsion Stabilizers

Function/Benefit: Emulsion stabilizer

Adenosine

Classification: Skin Soothers, Skin Restoration, Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Wrinkle reduction

Naturally present throughout the body, adensosine is a yeast-derived ingredient that functions to sooth and restore skin as well as provide anti-aging benefits. 


Algae Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Thickeners, Emulsifiers, Emollients, Plant Extracts

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; thickener


Allantoin

Classification: Skin Soothers

Function/Benefit: Skin Soother

A chemical compound that comes from the extracts of a comfrey plant. Highly regarded for its skin soothing, healing and keratolytic (ability to remove excess skin) properties. It helps shed the outer layer of the epidermis and promotes healthy tissue formation. It also softens the skin and enables it to absorb more moisture.

Ascorbyl Palmitate (vitamin C-ester)

Classification: Antioxidants, Skin Restoration, Vitamins, Anti-aging

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; skin brightener - pigmentation reversal and inhibition; DNA protection and repair

A stable and nonacidic vitamin C derivative that is an effective antioxidant particularly for reducing the effects of environmental damage.  An effective collagen stimulator and free-radical scavenging ingredient essential to healthy skin, this ingredient facilitates the prevention of cellular aging through collagen cross-linking inhibition, oxidation of proteins, and lipid peroxidation.

Bentonite

Classification: Absorbants

Function/Benefit: Absorbs sebum

A native hydrated colloidal aluminum silicate clay.

Benzyl Benzoate

Classification: Solvants, Preseratives

Function/Benefit: Solvant; preservative - Antimicrobial

Beta-glucan 

Classification: Skin Soothers; Antioxidants

Function/Benefit: Anti-inflammatory; anti-irritant; DNA protection and repair

Polysaccharide sugar derived from yeast or oats. It has some antioxidant properties and is a skin-soothing agent. Beta-glucan is considered an excellent ingredient for improving the look of redness and other signs of sensitive skin.

BHA

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

BHT

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

Biosaccharide Gum-1

Classification: Skin Restoration, Skin Replenishment Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; lipid replenishment, skin barrier function repair and restoration

A moisturizing and skin soothing ingredient. It works by binding water to the epidermis, and creating a moisture-binding film on the skin that gives the skin a soft, smooth feeling. In addition to providing long lasting moisturization, it also functions as an anti-irritant.

Boron Nitride

Classification: Aesthetic Modifers

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier – slip; Aesthetic modifiers / acne lesion coverage – Soft focus / optical diffusers to reduce the appearance of skin imperfections

Boron nitride functions as an optical diffuser. Because of its light-scattering properties, it is most often used in the form of a "soft focus" powder, which creates a shimmery and translucent finish. The shiny and glowing effect provides several aesthetic purposes, including the ability to refract light away from the skin, blur the appearance of wrinkles and discolorations and create an overall smoothness in the face. Its hexagonal crystal structure provides a silky and smooth feel, good slip and excellent skin adhesion properties.

Butylene Glycol

Classification: Solvants, Skin Conditioners

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

Butylene glycol is known to increase penetration by other ingredients in a skin care formulation.  By drawing moisture to the skin from the surrounding atmosphere, butylene glycol can add needed hydration to skin cells and can even play a role in easing the appearance of wrinkles.

C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside

Classification: Surfactants, Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Surfactant; emulsifier

C13-14 Isoparaffin

Classification: Texture Enhancers

Function/Benefit: Texture Enhancer

C13-14 Isoparaffin is a mixture of hydrocarbons (mineral oils) derived from petroleum.

C14-22 Alcohols

Classification: Emulsion Stabilizers

Function/Benefit: Emulsion stabilizer

Caffeine

Classification: Antioxidants

Function/Benefit: Reduces puffiness

Camellia oleifera (Green Tea) Leaf Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts, Anti-Aging; Anti-inflammatories

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; anti-inlammatory; skin brightener – melanin production inhibition; even tone and complexion

Topical application of green tea leaves or extracts have many benefits for skin, including anti-aging properties. The polyphenols in green tea possess potent antioxidant and skin-soothing properties, and show significant promise for improving the appearance of sun-damaged skin.

Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride

Classification: Emollients, Skin Replenishment, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Lipid replenishment; skin barrier function repair and restoration; prevents TEWL

A mixed triester derived from coconut oil and glycerin with lipid replenishment benefits to restore and repair the skin barrier while preventing water loss.

Caprylyl Glycol 

Classification: Skin Conditoners, Preservatives, Emollients

Function/Benefit: Skin Conditoner; preservative; emollient

A humectant and skin conditioning agent that provides moisturization, emollience and wetting properties to many cosmetic solutions. It also functions as a stabilizer with the ability to increase the antimicrobial activity of other preservatives.

Carbomer

Classification: Thickeners

Function/Benefit: Thickener

Carthamus tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil

Classification: Antioxidants, Emollients, Plant Extracts, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Lipid replenishment; skin barrier function repair and restoration; softens skin; natural moisturizing factor

Safflower seed oil contains beneficial fatty acids, primarily linolenic acid, that can help diminish signs and occurrence of dry skin.

Caulerpa lentillifera (Sea Grape / Green Caviar) Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Skin Replenishment

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

Cellulose Acetate

Classification: Film Forming Agents

Function/Benefit: Film forming agent

Cellulose acetate dries to form a thin coating on the skin.

Ceteareth-20 

Classification: Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Surfactant

Ceteareth-20 functions as an emollient and emulsifier. It's usually used in conjunction with other alcohols and fatty acids, working to thicken a solution and help other ingredients dissolve in a solvent. It also functions as a nonionic stabilizer in oil in water emulsions. 

Cetearyl Alcohol

Classification: Thickeners

Function/Benefit: Thickener

Cetearyl Glucoside

Classification: Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Emulsifier

Silicone-based compound

Cetyl Alcohol

Classification: Thickeners

Function/Benefit: Thickener

Cetyl Ethylhexanoate 

Classification: Skin Conditioners, Emollients, Thickeners

Function/Benefit: Skin Conditoner; emollient; thickener

It lubricates the surface of the skin/hair, removes the appearance of dry patches and flakes and gives the skin a soft and smooth look. It gives cosmetic products water-repelling properties and an easy spreadabillity.

Chamomilla recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts, Anti-Aging; Anti-inflammatories

Function/Benefit: Anti-inflammatories; antioxidants

The plant's flowers are rich in flavonoids (namely apigenin, quercetin, patuletin and luteolin), contributing to the ingredient's anti-inflammatory, anti-erythema (reddening of the skin) and anti-pruritic (itchiness) properties that all help improve the speed at which damaged skin heals. 

CI 40800 (Beta-Carotene)

Classification: Color agents

Function/Benefit: Color agent

CI 75470 (Carmine)

Classification: Color agents

Function/Benefit: Color agent

Carmine is the aluminum lake of the coloring agent, cochineal, a natural pigment derived from the dried female insect Coccus cacti (cochineal).

Citral

Classification: Fragrances

Function/Benefit: Fragrance

Citric Acid

Classification: Exfoliants, Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Chemical exfoliant; anti-aging

An extract derived from citrus fruits and used primarily in small amounts to adjust the pH of products to prevent them from being too alkaline.  Citric acid is an AHA, and as such, it can exfoliate skin.

Citronellol

Classification: Fragrances

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier - olfactory

Naturally occurring scent ingredient derived from plants including rose, geranium and lemongrass.

Cocamidopropyl Betaine

Classification: Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Foaming surfactants to remove dirt, oil and everyday impurities

Coco-Glucoside

Classification: Surfactants, Emulsifiers, Foaming Agents

Function/Benefit: Foaming surfactants to remove dirt, oil and everyday impurities

Coco-glucoside is derived from coconut oil and fruit sugar. As an anionic surfactant, it mildly cleanses the skin/hair by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so that they can be rinsed off. As an emulsifier, it keeps the oil and water parts of an emulsion from separating, and it also enhances the properties of primary cleansing and moisturizing agents contained in a product.

Coconut Alcohol

Classification: Emulsion Stabilizers

Function/Benefit: Emulsion stabilizer

Cocos nucifera (Coconut) Oil

Classification:  Plant Extracts, Skin Conditioners, Skin Softeners

Function/Benefit: Skin conditioner, skin softener

The extract of the fruit of the coconut tree, this ingredient is rich in skin-conditioning fatty acids, proteins, and complex B vitamins.

Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts, Skin Soothers

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; skin soother

Cucumber extract constituents primarily include ascorbic acid (vitamin C), caffeic acid (an antioxidant), fatty acids, the mineral silica, plus other trace minerals. 

Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Anti-inflammatories, Plant Extracts, Skin Soothers

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; anti-inflammatory

A yellow-orange polyphenol that is extracted from the plant Curcuma longa, a South Asian plant belonging to the ginger family. Also known as turmeric extract or curcumin.

Cyclohexasiloxane

Classification: Solvents

Function/Benefit: Solvent

Silicone-based compound

Cyclopentasiloxane

Classification: Aesthetic Modifiers

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier – slip

Cyclotetrasiloxane

Classification: Emolliants

Function/Benefit: Emolliant

Silicone

Decyl Glucoside

Classification: Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Surfactant

A plant derived polyglucoside. It's made by reacting glucose with decanol, a derivative of coconut.

Dehydroxanthan Gum

Classification: Emulsion Stabilizers

Function/Benefit: Emulsion stabilizer

Dimethicone

Classification:  Silicones, Skin Conditioners

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier – slip; primer; detackifier; prevents TEWL

Silicones prevent water loss by forming a hydrating barrier on the skin. Like most silicones, dimethicone has a unique fluidity that makes it easily spreadable. When applied to the skin, its known for creating a subtle gloss that feels smooth and silky to touch. It also acts a mild water repellent by forming a protective barrier on the skin, and can fill in fine lines/wrinkles on the face, giving it a temporary “plump” look.


Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate

Classification: Surfactants, Foaming Agents

Function/Benefit: Foaming surfactants to remove dirt, oil and everyday impurities

Disodium EDTA 

Classification: Chelating Agents, Preservatives, pH buffers

Function/Benefit: Chelating Agent; Color preservation; pH buffer

Disodium EDTA is a chelating agent, used to sequester and decrease the reactivity of metal ions that may be present in a product.

Ethylhexylglycerin 

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

A natural preservative used as an alternative to parabens.

Geraniol

Classification: Fragrances

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier - olfactory

It is the primary part of rose oil, palmarosa oil, and citronella oil (Java type). It also occurs in small quantities in geranium, lemon, and many other essential oils. It has a rose-like odor and is commonly used in perfumes. It is used in flavors such as peach, raspberry, grapefruit, red apple, plum, lime, orange, lemon, watermelon, pineapple, and blueberry.

Glucose

Classification: Skin Replenishers

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

A monosaccaride that provides water-binding properties to the skin.

Glycerin 

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; natural moisturizing factor

Glycerin, found naturally in skin, is a skin replenishment and restoration ingredient, which defends against dryness while working to maintain our skin’s moisture level.

Glyceryl Oleate Citrate

Classification: Fragrances

Function/Benefit: Fragrance

Glyceryl Stearate

Classification: Emolliants, Surfactants, Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Emolliant;  surfactant; emulsifier

A mixture of  glycerin and stearic acid used as an emollient, surfactant, and emulsifier.

Glycolic Acid

Classification: Exfoliants, Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Chemical exfoliant; anti-aging

A type of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) that acts as a water-binding agent and as an exfoliant. In its capacity as an exfoliant, it can help shed dead skin to renew skin’s surface, visibly softening the signs of aging, particularly from sun damage. 

Hamamelis virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water

Classification: Plant Extracts

Function/Benefit: Astringent; pore minimizer

Hamamelis virginiana contains tannin, the most important healing property of this herb. Making up about 8% of its leaves and 1 - 3% of its bark, the tannins are responsible for Hamamelis virginiana's astringent properties.

Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil

Classification: Emolliants, Plant Extracts, Antioxidants, Anti-inflammatories

Function/Benefit: Anti-inflammatory; antioxidant

A rich source of fatty acids, including linoleic acid, and is excellent for dry skin.


Hexyl Cinnamal

Classification: Fragrances

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier - olfactory

Hexyl Cinnamal is a natural ingredient used in perfumes and other beauty products as a fragrance additive.

Hexyl Laurate

Classification: Skin Conditioners, Emollients, Thickeners

Function/Benefit: Skin conditoner; emollient; thickener

Hexylene Glycol

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

Hyaluronic Acid

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration, Age Delay

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

Hyaluronic Acid is found in almost every cell of our body and binds 1,000 times its weight in water at the cellular level. As we age, our body produces less and less. Double Major replenishes the skin through the delivery of three different molecular weights of HA. Low Molecular Weight, under 1 million daltons works at the surface of the skin, Super Low Molecular Weight, under 100,000 daltons absorbs lower in to the skin, and Ultra Low Molecular Weight, under 10,000 daltons, pharmaceutical for deep delivery within the lower layers of the skin.

Hydrogenated Lecithin

Classification: Skin Restoration, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; natural moisturizing factor

Lecithing is a phospholipid found in egg yolks and plants.

Hydrolyzed Corallina officinalis Extract

Classification: Skin Conditoners

Function/Benefit: Skin conditoner

A red algae extract for skin conditioning.

Hydroxyethyl Acrylate / Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer VP / Eicosene Copolymer

Classification: Thickeners, Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Thickener, emulsifier

Hydroxymethoxyphenyl Decanone

Classification: Antioxidants, Skin Soothers

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; sooth and calm

Isononyl Isononanoate

Classification: Skin Conditoners, Emollients

Function/Benefit: Skin conditoner; emollient

Isopropyl Palmitate

Classification: Emollients, Texture Enhancers

Function/Benefit: Emollient

This molecule has a long chain oxigenated structure which can increase the skin penetration of other lipophillic substances

Kaolin

Classification: Absorbants

Function/Benefit: Absorbs sebum

A naturally occurring clay mineral (silicate of aluminum) used  for its absorbent properties. Kaolin’s absorbent properties make it a popular ingredient in clay masks for oily skin.

Kojic Dipalmitate

Classification: Skin Brighteners

Function/Benefit: Reduces dark circles

Kojic dipalmitate is a mushroom extract that has quickly become an extremely popular skin treatment to fade liver spots, melasma, freckles, acne scars and other skin discolorations.

Lactic Acid

Classification: Exfoliants, Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Chemical exfoliant; desquamation

Lactic acid has hydrating properties and, like glycolic acid (another AHA), helps brighten an uneven skin tone.  In a pH-correct formula (generally a product would have a pH between 3 and 4) and in concentrations between 5 and 12%, lactic acid exfoliates on the surface of skin by breaking down the material that holds dead skin together, allowing it to shed naturally as it once did. Lactic acid may cause sensitivity, although this isn’t common and can be minimized, if not eliminated, if the formulation contains soothing ingredients. Lactic acid also has hydrating properties and, like glycolic acid (another AHA), helps brighten an uneven skin tone. 

Lanolin

Classification: Emollients, Skin Replenishers, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Lipid replenishment; skin barrier function repair and restoration; natural moisturizing factor

Laureth-7

Classification: Emulsifiers, Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Emulsifier; surfactant

Laureth-7 is a synthetic compound obtained by the extensive chemical modification of Lauric Acid, a natural fatty acid, and Oxirane.

Lecithin

Classification: Emollients, Skin Replenishers, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; natural moisturizing factor

Lecithin functions to soften and soothing the skin. Powerful moisturizing properties help to keep the skin hydrated, making it an excellent for restorative products, or for those designed for mature, dry, or overworked skin.

Linalool

Classification: Fragrances

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier - olfactory

Fragrant component of lavender and coriander.

Linoleic Acid

Classification: Skin Restoration

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; natural moisturizing factor

Linoleic Acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid and is part of the Omega 6 fatty acids, It occurs naturally in the body, it is also used as for its anti-inflammatory, acne reduction, and moisture retention properties.

Linolenic Acid

Classification: Surfactants, Skin Conditioners

Function/Benefit: Lipid replenishment; skin barrier function repair and restoration; prevents TEWL

Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil

Classification: Antioxidants, Anti-inflammatories, Plant Extracts

Function/Benefit: Anti-inflammatory; antioxidant; antiibacterial; dissolves oil

Tea tree oil has skin-soothing properties and is also an antioxidant.

Melanin

Classification: HEV Light Protection

Function/Benefit: HEV light protection

Synthesized in a special manner from corn (Zea mays) tyrosine to protect against damaging HEV light.

Menthyl Lactate

Classification: Fragrances

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier - olfactory

The ester of menthol and lactic acid, this ingredient is used as a cooling or flavoring agent and fragrance in cosmetics. 

Methylisothiazolinone

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

Mica

Classification: Aesthetic Modifers

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifiers – Soft focus / optical diffusers to reduce the appearance of skin imperfections and fine lines

Earth-derived silicate minerals included in products to give them sparkle and shine as well as varying degrees of opacity.

Myristoyl Pentapeptide-11

Classification: Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Cell proliferation; restores elasticity; wrinkle reduction

A synthetic peptide that aides in restoring skin elasticity and reducing fine lines. 

Myristoyl Pentapeptide-8

Classification: Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Firms by stimulating collagen production

A synthetic peptide containing arginine, aspartic acid, glycine and lysine residues, which restores skin elasticity, repairs fine lines and firms the skin.

Niacinamide (Vitamin B3)

Classification: Skin Soothers, Skin Restoration, Antioxidants, Vitamins, Age Delay

Function/Benefit: Skin barrier function repair and restoration; prevents TEWL; natural moisturizing factor; hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

Also known as vitamin B3, niacinamide is a water-soluble vitamin found naturally in yeast, meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetables, beans, and cereal grains. Topical application of niacinamide has been shown to strengthen skin’s moisture barrier and reduce the appearance of discoloration and blotchiness. 

Octinoxate (2.0%)

Classification: Sunscreen Actives

Function/Benefit: UVB sunscreen active

Also known as octyl methoxycinnamate and ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, octinoxate is the oldest and most common sunscreen active used to protect skin, primarily against UVB rays.

Octinoxate (6.9%)

Classification: Sunscreen Actives

Function/Benefit: UVB sunscreen active

Also known as octyl methoxycinnamate and ethylhexyl methoxycinnamate, octinoxate is the oldest and most common sunscreen active used to protect skin, primarily against UVB rays.

Octisalate (3.0%)

Classification: Sunscreen Actives

Function/Benefit: UVB sunscreen active

Also known as octyl salicylate, this oil-soluble, organic sunscreen ingredient protects skin from the full spectrum of burning UVB rays

Olea europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil

Classification: Antioxidants, Plant Extracts, Skin Restoration, Emollients

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; lipid replenishment; antioxidant

Olive oil contains essential fatty acids dry skin needs, including oleic, palmitic, and linoleic acids. It also contains phenolic compounds that provide antioxidant benefit. 

Oxybenzone (4.5%)

Classification: Sunscreen Actives

Function/Benefit: UVB sunscreen active

This ingredient primarily protects from UVB rays, and some, but not all, UVA rays. It is part of the benzophenone group of chemicals. 

Palmitic Acid

Classification: Emollients, Skin Replenishers, Cleansing Agents

Function/Benefit: Lipid replenishment; skin barrier function repair and restoration; natural moisturizing factor

A fatty acid derived from palm oil.

Parfum/Fragrance

Classification: Fragrances

Function/Benefit: Fragrance

PEG-100 Stearate

Classification: Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Emulsifier

PEG-4 Laurate 

Classification: Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Removes dirt and oil

PEG-6 Caprylic/Capric Glycerides 

Classification: Emollients, Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Removes dirt and oil

Pentaerithrityl Tetraethylhexanoate 

Classification: Skin Conditioners, Emollients, Thickeners

Function/Benefit: Skin conditoner; emollient; thickener

Pentylene Glycol

Classification: Solvents

Function/Benefit: Solvent

Phenoxyethanol

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

Phenoxyethanol

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

Phospholipids

Classification: Emollients, Skin Replenishers, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Lipid replenishment; skin barrier function repair and restoration

A type of lipid (fat) composed of glycerol, fatty acids, and phosphate that is found naturally in the body.

Pichia/Resveratrol Ferment Extract

Classification: Anti-Aging, Anti-Inflammatories

Function/Benefit: Promotes firming and restoration of the DEJ; reduces inflammation

A non-animal derived, biotechnology ingredient obtained through the fermentation of the small molecule, resveratrol, with the microorganism, Pichia pastoris. It reduces visible signs of aging through the promotion of firming and rebuilding the dermal-epidermanl junction (DEJ) structural integrity while reducing inflammation. 

Polyacrylamide

Classification: Texture Enhancers

Function/Benefit: Texture enhancer

Polyglutamic Acid

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

Naturally found in the skin and found to be 10 times more potent than Hyaluronic Acid.

Polysorbate 20

Classification: Emulsifiers, Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Emulsifier; surfactant

Polysorbate 60

Classification: Emulsifiers, Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Emulsifier; surfactant

Polysorbate 80 

Classification: Emulsifiers, Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Emulsifier; surfactant

Propanediol

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; natural moisturizing factor

Propylene Glycol

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; natural moisturizing factor

Quartz

Classification: Absorbants

Function/Benefit: Absorbs sebum


Retinol

Classification: Anti-Aging, Skin Brighteners

Function/Benefit: Reduces wrinkles, crows feet, fine lines, dark circles; pigment control

Retinol products can help visibly diminish the look of fine lines and wrinkles, increase the appearance of firmness, improve uneven skin tone, smooth and refine the surface of skin, and help mitigate the effects of environmental stressors.

Retinyl Palmitate (Vitamin A-ester)

Classification: Antioxidants, Skin Restoration, Vitamins, Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; DNA protection and repair

A retinol derivitative that aides in protecting our skin from UV light exposure.

Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil

Classification: Emollients, Plant Extracts

Function/Benefit: Emollient

Ricinus communis (Castor) Seed Oil is a vegetable oil obtained from the seeds of the Ricinus communis plant.

Rosa Canina (Dog Rose) Fruit Extract

Classification: Plant Extracts

Function/Benefit: Sebum control; pore minimizer

Rosa canina is a climbing, wild rose that is native to Europe, northwest Africa, and western Asia, and is now commonly found in North American and New Zealand.  The extract is use as sebum-regulating active ingredient rich in wild rose berry flavonoids improve the comfort of skin. The extract reduces sebocyte differentiation, which slows the rate of sebum secretion and reduces the surface of pores. These actions limit skin shininess and imperfections for an anti-oily skin effect.

Salicylic Acid

Classification: Anti-Acne, Exfoliants

Function/Benefit: Acne treatment and prevention; chemical exfoliant

Also called beta hydroxy acid (BHA), this multifunctional ingredient addresses many of the systemic causes of acne. Its primary benefit is as an exfoliant, helping shed dead skin in a way similar to how skin acts when we are younger. Because it has the ability to penetrate into the pore lining and exfoliate inside the pore as well as on the surface of skin, it is especially effective for reducing breakouts, including blackheads and whiteheads.

Salicylic Acid (2.0%)

Classification: Anti-Acne, Exfoliants

Function/Benefit: Acne treatment and prevention; chemical exfoliant

Also called beta hydroxy acid (BHA), this multifunctional ingredient addresses many of the systemic causes of acne. Its primary benefit is as an exfoliant, helping shed dead skin in a way similar to how skin acts when we are younger. Because it has the ability to penetrate into the pore lining and exfoliate inside the pore as well as on the surface of skin, it is especially effective for reducing breakouts, including blackheads and whiteheads.

SD Alcohol 40-B

Classification: Solvants

Function/Benefit: Solvant

Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil

Classification: Skin Restoration, Plant Extracts, Skin Replenishers, Emollients, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Lipid replenishment; skin barrier function repair and restoration; natural moisturizing factor

Jojoba oil, derived from the Jojoba plant, is a rich source of numerous fatty acids, which can also provide topical skin-soothing benefits. Its texture is similar to the oil (sebum) our skin produces. 

Sodium Hyaluronate

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

Sodium hyaluronate is the sodium salt of hyaluronic acid, a naturally occurring polysaccharide found in the extracellular matrix of our skin.  Sodium hyaluronate coverts to hyaluronic acid, which promotes hydration within the skin.

Sodium Hyaluronate Crosspolymer

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Film Forming Agents, Skin Restoration

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention

A modified form of skin-replenishing hyaluronic acid attached to a polymer structure that keeps it within skin’s uppermost layers longer, which allows for enhanced hydration

Sodium Hydroxide

Classification: pH Adjusters

Function/Benefit: pH adjuster

Sodium Laureth Sulfate

Classification: Surfactants

Function/Benefit: Foaming surfactants to remove dirt, oil and everyday impurities

Sodium Metabisulfite

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

Sodium PCA

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; natural moisturizing factor

Natural component of skin, PCA (pyrrolidone carboxylic acid) is also a very good hydrating agent. Sodium PCA also functions as a skin-replenishing ingredient.

Sorbic Acid

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

Sorbitan Oleate

Classification: Thickeners, Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Thickener, emulsifiers

Sorbitan Sesquioleate

Classification: Thickeners, Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Thickener, emulsifiers

Sorbitol

Classification: Preservatives

Function/Benefit: Preservative

Squalane

Classification: Hydration, Emolliants, Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; lipid replenishment, skin barrier function repair and restoration

This oil, which occurs naturally in the body, is also found in olive oil.

Steareth-20

Classification: Emulsifiers

Function/Benefit: Emulsifier

Stearic Acid

Classification: Emollients, Skin Replenishers, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Skin barrier function repair and restoration; prevents TEWL

Stearic acid has been shown to protect the skin's surface against water loss and help restore the skin's protective barrier.

Stearyl Alcohol

Classification: Emulsion Stabilizers

Function/Benefit: Emulsion stabilizer

Sucralose

Classification: Aesthetic Modifers

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier - taste

Synthetic Beeswax

Classification: Thickeners, Emulsifiers, Emolliants

Function/Benefit: Thickener, emulsifier, emolliant

A synthetic form of beeswax composed of a mixture of alcohol esters.

Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate (Vitamin C-ester)

Classification: Antioxidants, Vitamins, Skin Brighteners, Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; Skin brightener - pigmentation reversal and inhibition; Anti-aging

Tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate is a stable, oil-soluble form of Vitamin C because of its ability to increase collagen levels, reduce melanin production, brighten skin, and repair the effects of UV exposure and other environmental damage. It is also considered to be more potent than L-asorbic acid and other Vitamin C compounds, and has a higher rate of penetration (because it is lipid soluble, like human skin) than other derivatives.

Titanium Dioxide CI 77891

Classification: Aesthetic Modifers

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifiers – Soft focus / optical diffusers to reduce the appearance of skin imperfections and fine lines

Titanium dioxide (CI 77891) is a metal oxide, a white, insoluble, highly opaque mineral pigment. It is found in the earth's crust and forms a mineral UVA and UVB filter in addition to its properties as a pigment colourant.

Tocopherol (Vitamin E)

Classification: Antioxidants, Vitamins, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; DNA protection and repair; skin barrier function repair and restoration; natural moisturizing factor

Vitamin E is a naturally occurring component within healthy skin. It provides significant antioxidant properties to help defend against environmental stressors including pollution that would otherwise weaken and cause skin damage.

Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E-ester)

Classification: Antioxidants

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; DNA protection and repair; skin barrier function repair and restoration; natural moisturizing factor

A vitamin E derivative that reduces the formation of free radicals from UV exposure UV, promotes the healing process, strengthens skin barrier function and protects skin barrier lipid balance by reducing transepidermal water loss.

Tocopheryl Nicotinate (Vitamin E-ester)

Classification: Antioxidants, Vitamins, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; DNA protection and repair; skin barrier function repair and restoration; natural moisturizing factor

Vitamin E Nicotinate is an ester of tocopherol and nicotinic acid. It has antioxidant and vasodilatory properties. It can be used as a mild warming agent, without producing the redness typical for nicotinic acid.

Triethoxycaprylsilane

Classification: Aesthetic Modifers

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifier – slip

A silicone.

Ubiquinone (CoQ10)

Classification: Antioxidants, Anti-Aging

Function/Benefit: Antioxidant; reduces free radical damage

CoQ10 is potent antioxidant, which is naturally produced by the body and important to cell functioning and development. It naturally decreases with aging, and it is used as an anti-aging ingredient to replace some of the natural antioxidants produced by the body and reduces free radical damage through its antioxidant properties. It is also been found to assist cells in building collagen and elastin, which help to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, 

Urea

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration, Natural Moisturizing Factor

Function/Benefit: Hydration restoration, replenishment and retention; chemical exfoliant

Urea has beneficial water-binding and mild exfoliating properties for skin.

Vanilly Butyl Ether

Classification: Aesthetic Modifers

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifiers – Warming, tingling sensation

Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Anti-inflammatories, Plant Extracts

Function/Benefit: Anti-inflammatories; antioxidants

Contains chemical constituents such as proanthocyanidins, polyphenols, flavonoids, and anthocyanins, all of which are very potent antioxidants that help to diminish environmental damage. Grape extract has also been shown to have soothing properties. Red grapes contain resveratrol, considered a very potent antioxidant.

VP/Eicosene Copolymer

Classification: Film Formers

Function/Benefit: Film former

Film-forming agent often used in water-resistant sunscreen products. It helps the sunscreen adhere better to skin and resist breaking down in water.

Xanthan Gum

Classification: Thickeners

Function/Benefit: Thickener

Yeast Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Cell Renewal

Function/Benefit: Reduces puffiness

Yeast has both antioxidant and cell renewal properties, and is able to improve skin smoothness and texture.

Yellow 5 (CI 19140)

Classification: Coloring Agents

Function/Benefit: Coloring agent

Zea mays (Corn) Oil

Classification: Skin Replenishers, Skin Restoration, Plant Extracts

Function/Benefit: Lipid replenishment; skin barrier function repair and restoration

Zinc Oxide

Classification: Aesthetic Modifers

Function/Benefit: Aesthetic modifiers – Soft focus / optical diffusers to reduce the appearance of skin imperfections and fine lines

Zinc oxide derives its name from zincite the mineral from which it is produced when it is combined with oxygen molecules.

Zinc Oxide (4.0%)

Classification: Sunscreen Actives

Function/Benefit: UV sunscreen physical blocker

Zinc oxide derives its name from zincite the mineral from which it is produced when it is combined with oxygen molecules.

Zingiber Officinale (Ginger) Root Extract

Classification: Antioxidants, Skin Soothers, Plant Extracts

Function/Benefit: Soothe and calm; antioxidants; boosts hyaluronic acid production

Promotes warmth by increasing circulation, acts as an anti-inflammatory for soothing the skin and scavenges free radicals while reducing edema.